HTML - Introduction

What is HTML?



HTML Stand for HyperText Markup Language, for creating web pages and application.
when a web browser opens a page of the website, a document is received for its web server in the form of Html, which the web browser coverts to a multimedia web page. HTML can embed a program written in a scripting language such as JavaScript, which affects the behavior and content of web pages.

Why HTML is called markup language?


HTML stand for "HyperText Markup Language".
  • Hypertext: Hypertext is a text which contains links to other text pages. Hypertext documents are interconnected by hyperlinks, which are typically activated by a mouse click, by the screen. Hypertext is called a hyperlink. Anchor (<a>) tags of HTML can make any text a hyperlink, apart from this, images, videos, text, sound, etc. can also be made hyperlink.

  • Markup: Markup language is a computer language used in "HTML Tags" to create web documents. Each HTML tag defines the text in between, that's is called markup.

  • Language: HTML is a scripting language for creating web pages.

Html Tools


There are two tools need in Html.

  1. Text Editor:- Text Editor used for writing coding in the editor, (Like- Notepad, Notepad++, Dreamweaver, etc).

  1. Web browser:- Web browser used for run Html file. ( Like- Google Chrome, Internet Explorer, Firefox, etc.)

Create a Simple HTML Document:


 <!DOCTYPE HTML>
<html>
<head>
<title> Create a simple html document </title>
</head>
<body>
<h1> Hello Html </h1>
<p> This is a first page </p>
</body>
</html>

Advantages 

  • HTML is easy to learn & use.
  • HTML is user-friendly.
  • Free - no need for any software.
  • HTML is widely used.

Disadvantages

  • HTML is not extensible.
  • It can create only static and plain pages.
  • Security.

Uses of HTML

  • Web pages development.
  • Internet navigation.
  • Responsive images on web pages.
  • Game development.
  • Cutting edge feature

HTML History


HTML was created by Sir Tim Berners Lee in 1990. but the first publicly available description of Html was a document called "HTML Tags", first mentioned on the internet by Tim Berners - Lee in late 1991. currently, the task of developing HTML is with an organization "world wide web consortium (w3c)".

HTML Version


1. HTML 2.0 :
HTML 2.0 was published on 1995. HTML 2.0 was the standard for website design and define may core Html features.

2.HTML 3.2 :
HTML 3.2 was published in 1997, as a W3C Recommendation, it was the first version developed and standardized exclusively by the W3C, as the IEFT had closed its HTML.

3.HTML 4.01 :
HTML 3.2 was published on 1999, as a W3C Recommendation.

4.HTML 5 :
The latest version of HTML is HTML 5. In addition to the features of HTML 4.01, XML features have also been added to it.

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